They criticized the police of San Francisco soseverely that the officials found means of making the writers life there difficult and comfortless. With Jim Gillis, brother of a printer of whom he was fond, and who had been the indirect cause of his troubles, he went up into calaveras county, to a cabin hyperlink "m/twaintexts/biography / paine_ml "on JackassHill. Jim Gillis, a lovable, picturesque character (the Truthful James of Bret Harte owned mining claims. Mark Twain decided to spend his vacation in pocket-mining and soon added that science to his store of knowledge. It was a halcyon, happy three months that he lingered there, but did not make his fortune; he only essay laid the corner-stone. Theytried their fortune at Angels Camp, a place well known to readers of Bret Harte. But it rained pretty steadily, and they put in most of their time huddled around the single stove of the dingy hotel of Angels, telling yarns.
He was recognized as one of the foremost among a little coterieof overland writers, two of whom, mark Twain and Bret Harte, were soon to acquire a worldwide fame. He left Carson City one day, after becoming involved in hyperlink "m / twaintexts/biography/paine_ml "a duel, the result of an editorial squib written in Goodmans absence, and went across the sierras hyperlink"ml" to San Francisco. The duel turned out farcically enough, but the nevada law, which regarded even a challenge or its acceptance as a felony, was an inducement to his departure. Furthermore, he had already aspired to a wider field of literary effort. He attached himself to the morningCall, and wrote occasionally for one or two literary papers — the golden Era and the californian — prospering well enough during the better part of the year. Bret Harte and the rest of the little pacific-slope group were also on the staff of these papers, and for a time, at least, the new school of American humor mustered in San Francisco. Thehyperlink «ml» connection with the call was not congenial. In due course it came to a natural end, and Mark Twain arranged to do a daily san Francisco letter for his old paper, the Enterprise. The Enterprise letters stirred up trouble.
Mark Twain biography & Facts
In Roughing It Mark Twain gives us the story of the hyperlink html «overland journey fast made by the two brothers, and a picture of experiences at the other end — true in aspect, even ifhere and there elaborated in detail. He was Orions private secretary, but there was no private-secretary work to do, and no salary attached to the position. The incumbent presently went to mining, adding that to his other trades. He became a hyperlink ml professional miner, but not a rich one. He was at Aurora, california, in the Esmeralda district, skimping along, with not much to eat and less to wear, when he was summoned by joe goodman, owner and editor spa of the virginia city Enterprise, to come up and take the hyperlink » ml «local editorship of thatpaper. He had been contributing sketches to it now and then, under the pen name of «Josh and goodman, a man of fine literary instincts, recognized a talent full of possibilities. This was in the late summer of 1862.
Clemens walked one hundred and thirty miles over very bad roads to take the job, and arrived way-worn and travel-stained. He began ona salary of twenty-five dollars a week, picking up news items here and there, and contributing occasional sketches — burlesques, hoaxes, and the like. When the legislature convened at hyperlink «ml» Carson City he was sent down to report it, and then, for the first time, began signinghis articles «hyperlink» ml «Mark Twain a river term, used in making soundings, recalled from his piloting days. The name presently became known up and down the pacific coast. His articles were copied and commented upon.
It seems incredible to those who knew Mark Twain in his later years — dreamy, unpractical, and indifferent to details — that he could have acquired so vast a store of minute facts as were required bythat task. Yet within eighteen months he had become not only a pilot, but one of the best and most careful pilots on the river, intrusted with some of the largest and most valuable steamers. He continued in that profession for two and a half years longer, and during that time met with no disaster that cost his owners a single dollar for damage. Thenhyperlink «ml» the war broke out. South Carolina seceded in December, 1860, and other States followed. Clemens was in New Orleans in January, 1861, when louisiana seceded, and his boat was put into the confederate service and sent up the red river.
His occupation gone, he took steamerfor the north — the last one before the blockade closed. A blank cartridge was fired at them from Jefferson Barracks when they reached. Louis, but they did not understand the signal, and kept on. Presently a shell carried away part of the pilot-house and considerably disturbed its inmates. They realized, then, that war had really begun. Inthose days Clemenss sympathies were with the south. He hurried up to Hannibal and hyperlink «ml» enlisted with a company of young fellows who were recruiting with the avowed purpose of «throwing off the yoke of the invader.» They were ready for the field, presently, and set out ingood order, a sort of nondescript cavalry detachment, mounted on animals more picturesque than beautiful. Still, it was a resolute band, and might have done very well, only it rained a good deal, which made soldiering disagreeable and hard. Lieutenant Clemens resigned at the end of two weeks, and decided to go to nevada with Orion, who was a Unionabolitionist and had received an appointment from Lincoln as Secretary of the new Territory.
Clemens and Mark Twain: a biography: Justin Kaplan
In New York he found employment at his trade, and during the hot months of 1853 worked in a printing-office in Cliff Street. By and by he went to Philadelphia, where he worked a brief time; made a trip to Washington, and presently set out for the west again, afteran absence of more than a year. Orion, meanwhile, had established himself at Muscatine, iowa, but soon after removed to keokuk, where the brothers were once more together, still following their trade. Young Sam Clemens remained hyperlink «ml» in keokuk until the winter of 1856-57,when he caught a touch of the south American fever then prevalent, and decided to go to Brazil. He left keokuk for hyperlink «ml» Cincinnati, worked that winter in a printing-office there, and in April hyperlink "m / twaintexts/biography/paine_ml «took the little steamer, paul Jones, for New Orleans, where he expected to find a South American vessel. In Life on the mississippi we have his story of how he met Horace bixby and decided to become a pilot instead of a South American adventurer — jauntily setting himself the stupendous task of learning the twelve beauty hundred miles of the mississippiriver between. Louis and New Orleans for — of knowing it as exactly and as unfailingly, even in the dark, as one knows the way to his own features.
The paper, in time, was moved into a part of the Clemens home, and the two brothers ran it, the youngersetting most of the type. A still younger brother, henry, entered the office as an apprentice. The hyperlink «ml» Hannibal journal was no great paper from the beginning, and it did not improve with time. Still, it managed to survive — country papers nearly always manage to survive- year after year, bringing in some sort of return. It was on this paper that young hyperlink «ml» Sam Clemens began his for writings — burlesque, as a rule, of local characters and conditions — usually published in his brothers absence; generally resulting in trouble on his t they made the paper sell, and if Orion had but realized his brothers talent he might have turned it into. In 1853 (he was not yet eighteen) Sam Clemens grew tired of his limitations and pined for the wider horizon of the world. He gave out to his family that he was hyperlink "ml«going to St. Louis, but he kept on to New York, where a Worlds fair was then going on.
the atmosphere of his boyhood there. His hyperlink «ml» schooling was brief and of a desultory kind. It ended one day in 1847, when hyperlink "ml"his father died and it became necessary that each one should help somewhat in the domestic crisis. His brother Orion, ten years his senior, was already a printer by trade. Pamela, his sister, also considerably older, had acquired music, and now took a few pupils. The little boy sam, at twelve, was hyperlink "ml«apprenticed to a printer named Ament. His wages consisted of his board and clothes — «more board than clothes as he once remarked to the writer. He remained with Ament until his brother Orion bought out a small paper in Hannibal in 1850.
The hyperlink "m/twaintexts/ biography/paine_ml «beginnings of that life were sufficiently unpromising. The family was a good one, of old Virginia and Kentucky stock, but its circumstances were reduced, its environment meager and disheartening. The father, john Marshall Clemens — a lawyer by profession, a merchant by vocation — had brought his household to dissertation Florida from Jamestown, tennessee, somewhatafter the manner of Judge hawkins as pictured in The gilded Age. Florida was a small town then, a mere village of twenty-one houses located on Salt river, but Judge Clemens, as he was usually called, optimistic and speculative in his temperament, believed in its future. Salt river would be made navigable; Florida would become a metropolis. He establisheda small business there, and located his family in the humble frame cottage where, five months later, was born a baby boy to whom they gave the name of Samuel — a family name — and added Langhorne, after an old Virginia friend of his father. The child was puny, and did not make a very sturdy fight for life. Still he weathered along, seasonafter season, and survived two stronger children, margaret and Benjamin.
Autobiography of Mark Twain: Volume 1, readers Edition
Albert Bigelow paine was Mark Twains official biographer and first literary executor. His hyperlink «ml» MarkTwain: A Biography was published dubai in 1912, five years before this shorter biography was published in Mark Twains Letters. Read on its own, the «Biographical Summary» provides a useful short introduction to Mark Twains life and writings. This edition can also be used as an introduction to Paines complete biography. Links to related chapters of MarkTwain: A Biography appear throughout and can be followed to find more complete discussions of specific periods and events in Mark Twains life. Samuel Langhorne Clemens, for nearly half a century known and celebrated as «Mark Twain was hyperlink «ml» born in Florida, missouri, on november 30, 1835. He was one of the foremost American philosophers of his day; he was the worlds most famous humorist of any day. During the later years of his life he ranked not only as Americas chief man of letters, but likewise as her best known and best loved citizen.