De Vroom, rue de louvain. Prytherch, raymond John (2005). Harrod's librarians' glossary and japanese reference book: a directory of over 10,200 terms, organizations, projects and acronyms in the areas of information management, library science, publishing and archive management (10th, revised.). Online Etymology dictionary Archived at the wayback machine. hall, hubert; Nicholas, Frieda. Selected tracts and table books relating to English weights and measures (11001742). Camden Third Series Vol. 41, royal Historical Society: Volume xv of Camden miscellany. Royal Historical Society, for the camden Society (Great Britain).
Their si equivalences and Origins. zupko, ronald Edward (1985). A dictionary of weights and measures for the British Isles: the middle Ages to the twentieth century. Volume 168 of Memoirs of the American Philosophical Society. Archived from the original. luckombe, philip ; Caslon, william (1770). A concise history of the origin and progress of printing: with practical instructions to the trade in general, compiled from those who have wrote on this curious art. Brun, marcelin Aimé (1826). Manuel pratique et abrégé de la typographie française (in French) (2nd.).
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A paper bale is a quantity of sheets of paper, currently standardized as 5,000 sheets. A bale consists of 5 bundles, 10 reams or 200 quires. 17 As friend an old uk and us measure, it was previously equal to 4800 sheets. 4 see also edit a note on the flyleaf of this copy states that this edition was pirated from Didot's 1st. Of 1825; see.
235236, especially in respect of the examples of proof-reader's corrections. 1621 (see references) defines the ream as "a pack of 500 identical sheets of paper" and appends a note: "In many countries it is common practice to use the term "ream" for other quantities, for example 480 sheets, thus affecting the quire. For quantities other than 500 sheets, a different term, such as "pack should be used." References edit a b c iso 4046-3:2002 Paper, board, pulps and related terms vocabulary part 3: Paper-making terminology (2002"d in iso 22414:2004(E) Paper cut-size office paper measurement of edge. a b c Papier und Pappe: din 6730:2011-02: Begriffe ( Paper and board: vocabulary ) (2011) (in German). 1998 mead Composition Notebook 'useful Information'. a b c d e cardarelli,. Encyclopaedia of Scientific Units, weights and measures.
In Lombardy a ream of music paper was 450 or 480 sheets; in Britain, holland and Germany a ream of 480 sheets was common; in the veneto it was more frequently 500. Some paper manufacturers counted 546 sheets (21 quires of 26 sheets). Bach 's manuscript paper at weimar was ordered by the ream of 480 sheets. 13 In 1840, a ream in Lisbon was 17 quires and 3 sheets 428 sheets, and a double ream was 18 quires and 2 sheets 434 sheets; and in Bremen, blotting or packing paper was sold in reams of 300 (20 quires of 15 sheets). 14 A mid-19th century milanese -italian dictionary has an example for a risma (ream) as being either 450 or 480 sheets. 15 In the uk in 1914, paper was sold using the following reams: 16 472 sheets mill ream (18 short quires of 24 sheets of 'insides 2 cording quires of 20 sheets of 'outsides 480 sheets (20 short quires of 24 sheets) now called 'short'.
4 ) 500 sheets (20 quires of 25 sheets) now also called 'long' ream 504 sheets Stationer's ream (21 short quires) 516 sheets Printer's ream (21 short quires) also called 'perfect ream' reams of 500 sheets were mostly used only for newsprint. 16 Since the late 20th century, the 500-sheet ream has become the de facto international standard. A paper bundle is a quantity of sheets of paper, currently standardized as 1,000 sheets. A bundle consists of 2 reams or 40 quires. As an old uk and us measure, it was previously equal to 960 sheets. 4 When referring to chipboard, there are two standards in the. In general, a package of approximately 50 pounds of chipboard is called a bundle. Thus, a bundle of 22 point chipboard (0.022" thick) 24" 38 with each sheet weighing.556 pounds, contains 90 sheets. However, chipboard sold in size 11" 17" and smaller is packaged and sold as bundles of 25 pounds.
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4 Certain types of specialist papers such as tissue paper, greaseproof paper, handmade paper, and blotting paper trunk are still sold (especially in the uk) in 'short' reams of 480 sheets (20 quires of 24 sheets). However, the commercial use of the word 'ream' for quantities of paper other than 500 is now deprecated by such standards as iso 4046. 1 In Europe, the din 6730 standard for Paper and board includes a definition of 1 ream of A4 80 gsm (80 g/m2) paper equals 500 sheets. 2 Nomenclature edit The word 'ream' derives from Old French reyme, from Spanish resma, from Arabic rizmah "bundle" (of paper from rasama, "collect into a bundle". (The moors brought manufacture of cotton paper to Spain.) Early variant rym (late 15c.) suggests a dutch influence. Riem probably during the time of Spanish Habsburg control of the netherlands. History edit The number of sheets in a ream has varied locally over the centuries, often according to the size and type of paper being sold. Reams of 500 sheets (20 quires of 25 sheets) were known in England in c1594; 10 in 1706 a ream was defined as 20 quires, either 24 or 25 sheets to the quire. 11 In 18th- and 19th-century europe, the size of the ream varied widely.
7 Note 1 It also became the name for any booklet small enough to be made from a single quire of paper. Simon Winchester, in The surgeon of Crowthorne, cites a specific number, defining quire as "a booklet eight pages thick." several European words for quire keep the meaning of "book of paper ger. Buch von Papier, dan. In blankbook binding, quire is a term indicating 80 pages. 15 reams of paper A ream of paper is a quantity of sheets of the same size and quality. International standards organizations define the ream as 500 identical sheets. 1 2 Note 2 This ream of 500 sheets (20 quires of 25 sheets) is also known as a 'long' ream, and is gradually replacing the old value of 480 sheets, now known as a 'short' ream. Reams of 472 and 516 sheets are still current, 8 but hemophilia in retail outlets paper is typically sold in reams of 500. As an old uk and us unit, a perfect ream was equal to 516 sheets.
8 sides and a "quinion" is five sheets (10 leaves, 20 sides). This last meaning is preserved in the modern Italian term for quire, quinterno di carta. Formerly, when paper was packed at the paper mill, the top and bottom quires were made up of slightly damaged sheets outsides to protect the good quires insides. These outside quires were known as "cassie quires" (from. Cassée, "broken or "cording quires" and had only 20 sheets to the quire. 5 The printer William Caslon in a book published in 1770 mentions both 24- and 25-sheet quires; he also details printer's wastage, and the sorting and recycling of damaged cassie quires. 6 An 1826 French manual on typography complained that cording quires (usually containing some salvageable paper) from the netherlands barely contained a single good sheet.
Quires of 25 sheets are often used for machine-made paper, while quires of 24 sheets are often used for handmade or specialised paper of 480-sheet reams. (As an old uk and us measure, in resume some sources, a quire was originally 24 sheets. 4 ) quires of 15, 18 or 20 sheets have also been used, depending on the type of paper. Nomenclature edit, the current word "quire" derives from. Oe "quair" or "guaer from of "quayer "cayer (cf. Quaternum, "by fours "fourfold". Later, when bookmaking switched to using paper and it became possible to easily stitch 5 to 7 sheets at a time, the association of "quaire" with "four" was quickly lost. History edit In the middle Ages, a quire (also called a " gathering was most often formed of 4 folded sheets of vellum or parchment,. 8 leaves, 16 sides.
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Various measures of paper quantity have been and are in use. Although there are. Units such as quires and bales, there are, iso 1 and, dIN 2 report standards for the ream. Expressions used here include. Contents, writing paper measurements citation needed 25 sheets 1 quire 500 sheets 20 quires 1 ream 1,000 sheets 40 quires 2 reams 1 bundle 5,000 sheets 200 quires 10 reams 5 bundles 1 bale 'short' paper measurements 3 24 sheets 1 'short' quire 480 sheets. Posters and printing measurements citation needed 516 sheets ( 21 'short' quires) 1 printer's ream 1,032 sheets 2 printer's reams 1 printer's bundle 5,160 sheets 5 printer's bundles 1 printer's bale. Cover and Index paper 250 sheets 1 ream citation needed, a quire of paper is a measure of paper quantity. The usual meaning is 25 sheets of the same size and quality: 120 of a ream of 500 sheets.