Mongols devastation from the eastern most Muslim frontier, central and Western Asia, india, persia to Arab heartland. Fall of Baghdad (1258) and the end of Abbasid Caliphate. Two million Muslims massacred in Baghdad. Major scientific institutions, laboratories, and infrastructure destroyed in leading Muslim centers of civilization. Refer to "A Chronology of Muslim History parts iii,." Ibn Al-baitar Pharmacy, write botany died 1248 Nasir Al-Din Al-Tusi Astronomy, non-Euclidean geometry. Jalal Al-Din Rumi sociology Ibn Al-Nafis Damishqui anatomy Al-Fida (Abdulfeda) Astronomy, geography, histrory. Muhammad Ibn Abdullah (Ibn Battuta) World Traveler. 75,000 mile voyage from Morocco to China and back. Ibn Khaldun Sociology, philosophy of History, political Science.
Al-Idrisi ( Dreses ) geography (World Map, first Globe). Ibn wallpaper Tufayl, Abdubacer Philosophy, medicine, poetry. Ibn Rushd ( averroes ) Philosophy, law, medicine, astronomy, theology. Al-Bitruji ( Alpetragius ) Astronomy died 1204 Second wave of devastation of Muslim resources, lives, properties, institutions, and infrastructure over a period of one hundred and twelve years. Crusader invasions (1217-1291) and Mongol invasions (1219-1329). Crusaders active throughout the mediterranean from Jerusalem and west to muslim Spain. Fall of Muslim Cordoba (1236 valencia (1238) and seville (1248).
Omar Al-Khayyam Mathematics, poetry. Al-Ghazali ( Algazel ) Sociology, theology, philosophy. Fall of Muslim Toledo (1085 corsica and Malta (1090 Provence (1050 sicily (1091) and Jerusalem (1099). First wave of devastation of Muslim resources, lives, properties, institutions, and infrastructure over a period of one hundred years. Refer to muslim History. Translators of Scientific Knowledge in the middle Ages Abu bakr Muhammad Ibn Yahya (Ibn Bajjah) Philosophy, medicine, mathematics, Astronomy, poetry, music. Ibn Zuhr ( avenzoar ) Surgery, medicine.
Allama, iqbal - profile biography, rekhta
Astronomy, mathematics, Trigonometry., al-Farghani (. 860, al-razi ( Rhazes ) Medicine, ophthalmology, smallpox, Chemistry, astronomy. Al-Farabi ( Al-Pharabius ) Sociology, logic, Philosophy, political Science, music. Abul Hasan Ali Al-Masu'di geography, history. Died 957 Al-Sufi ( azophi ) Astronomy Abu Al-Qasim Al-Zahravi ( Albucasis ) Surgery, medicine.
(Father of Modern Surgery) Muhammad Al-buzjani mathematics, Astronomy, geometry, trigonometry. Ibn english Al-haitham ( Alhazen ) Physics, Optics, mathematics. Al-Mawardi ( Alboacen ) Political Science, sociology, jurisprudence, ethics. Abu raihan Al-Biruni Astronomy, mathematics. (Determined Earth's Circumference) Ibn Sina ( avicenna ) Medicine, philosophy, mathematics, Astronomy. Al-Zarqali ( Arzachel ) Astronomy (Invented Astrolabe).
Retrieved, published, tributes at his death and books authored by javed Iqbal, retrieved External links edit retrieved from " ". This is a partial list of some of the leading Muslims. Major Muslim contributions continued beyond the fifteenth century. Contributions of more than one hundred other major Muslim personalities can be found in several famous publications by western historians. Biographies are available in the Islamic civilization E-book. Jabir Ibn haiyan geber chemistry (Father of Chemistry died 803.
Zoology, botany, animal Husbandry., al-Khwarizmi algorizm mathematics, Astronomy, geography. Algorithm, algebra, calculus) 'Amr ibn Bahr Al-Jahiz, zoology, arabic Grammar, Rhetoric, lexicography, ibn Ishaq Al-Kindi (. Alkindus philosophy, physics, Optics, medicine, mathematics, metallurgy., thabit Ibn Qurrah thebit ). Astronomy, mechanics, geometry, anatomy. 'Abbas Ibn Firnas, mechanics of Flight, Planetarium, Artificial Crystals. Died 888, ali Ibn Rabban Al-Tabari, medicine, mathematics, caligraphy, literature.
Muhammad, iqbal, biography - childhood, life Achievements
Do not be beholden to the west's artisans, seek thy sustenance in what thy land affords. My ghazal is the essence of my life-blood, Create thy elixir of life out 'of this essence. My way of life is poverty, not the pursuit of wealth; Barter not thy selfhood; win a name in adversity. 1 javed's publications include the following: Ideology of pakistan reviews (1959) Stray reflections: a note-book of Iqbal (1961) Legacy of quaid-e-azam (1968, published in English and Urdu) 6 mai lala faam (1968, collection of papers on Iqbal, in Urdu) Zinda rood (1984, biography of Iqbal. Jahan-i javed : darame, afsane, maqale Islam and pakistan's Identity The concept of State in Islam : a reassessment Apna Greban Chaak, (autobiography) Khutbat e iqbal books on Dr javid Iqbal Life After Iqbal (2016, fastprint Publishing, uk by sabeena Khan) isbn. 2 References edit a b hazlitt c d m/news/1210802, biography of Justice javed Iqbal on Dawn, karachi newspaper, published, retrieved p, profile of Allama Iqbal on t website, retrieved, retrieved "Justice (retd) javed Iqbal, son of Allama Iqbal, passes away in Lahore". Retrieved 8 September 2017. "Justice (retd) javed Iqbal passes away in Lahore - the Express Tribune newspaper".
United Nations General Assembly. 1 he has argued in favour of reforms in the hudud laws of pakistan. Citation needed he was married to nasira Iqbal, a retired Lahore high court Judge. Citation needed javed Iqbal died on he was under treatment for cancer at the Shaukat Khanum Memorial Cancer Hospital in Lahore. 4 5 Allama Iqbal on his son edit javed's father, Allama Iqbal, named his book, javid Nama, after his son. He also wrote many poems to javed Iqbal, indirectly addressing the muslim youth in British India. Here is an excerpt from the translation of Bal-i-jibril (Gabriel's Wing) to javed (On Receiving His First Letter From London) Create a place for thyself in the world of love; Create a new age, new days, and new nights. If God grant thee an eye for nature's beauty, converse with the silence of flowers; respond to their love.
Apart from philosophy, javed had a prolific career in the review judiciary of pakistan and was a former Chief Justice of the. Lahore high court before being elevated to the, supreme court. Early life edit, javed Iqbal was born in, sialkot on. Allama muhammad Iqbal and his second wife, sardar Begum. His mother died when he was 11, and his father died in 1938 when he was. Citation needed javed Iqbal received the following educational degrees and distinctions: ba (Honors) degree in 1944 from the government College, lahore, ma degree in English, and ma degree in Philosophy (Gold Medallist) in 1948, doctor of Philosophy degree in Philosophy in 1954 from the University. Citation needed he has received honorary doctorates degrees from Villanova university, united States, and Seljuk university in Jordan. 1 javed began as an advocate in Lahore high court, and later became a judge in 1971 and then Chief Justice of this court. He was also a judge of Supreme court of pakistan, and Elected member, senate of pakistan (Upper house of Parliament).
Muhammad, iqbal - wikipedia
From wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (Redirected from, javid Iqbal (judge) jump to navigation, jump to search. Not to be confused with, javaid Iqbal. For other uses, see, javed Iqbal (disambiguation). Javed Iqbal urdu : ; ). Hilal-i-imtiaz, award recipient in 2004-(Crescent of Excellence) Award, was. Pakistani philosopher and senior justice of the, supreme court of pakistan. He was internationally known for his acclaimed publications on philosophy of law and modern Islamic philosophy in international and national journals. 1, he was the son of the poet-philosopher. Muhammad Iqbal 2 and authored various books on, pakistan's nationalism movement interests and political ideology.