Falkirk town skyline Economy edit The kelpies at Helix Park today, the economy of Falkirk is focused on retail and services, in contrast to the heavy industries and manufacturing sectors which contributed to the growth gpa of the town over the last 300 years. Falkirk is a large retail centre catering to the town itself and a wide surrounding area, stretching from Cumbernauld in the west to bo'ness in the east. 27 The flagship retailer Marks and Spencer opened a store in Falkirk in 1936. 27 The high Street was pedestrianised in the late 1980s and the howgate Shopping Centre opened in 27 1989. A number of supermarkets including Tesco, asda, morrisons and Scottish co-op have developed on peripheral sites surrounding the town centre in recent years. 28 The public sector and public services also have a foothold in the falkirk area. Falkirk council is one of the largest employers in this sphere, with a workforce of over 7,000, many based at the council headquarters in the town centre. 12 One of the principal offices of the uk child Support Agency, covering Scotland and the north east of England, is located in the callendar Business Park on the outskirts of Falkirk. 29 Similarly the national health Service (NHS) and Department for Work and Pensions have a presence in the town and employ local residents.
Rainfall is distributed fairly evenly throughout the year. Vigorous Atlantic depressions - sometimes called European windstorms can affect the town between October and March. The highest recorded temperature was.5C in August 2010. Climate data for Falkirk, elevation: 0 m or 2010 normals Month Jan Feb Mar Apr may jun Jul Aug Sep Oct nov dec year average high C (F).0 (44.6).5 (45.5).6 (49.3).1 (53.8).2 (59.4).7 (63.9).7 (67.5).5 (67.1).9 (62.4). 23 The population was estimated at mom 34,570 in 2008 24 which makes the town the 20th most populous settlement in Scotland. The wider Falkirk area which includes Grangemouth, larbert and Stenhousemuir has an overall population of 98,940 making this the 5th largest urban area after Glasgow, edinburgh, aberdeen and Dundee. 25 The population of the town and surrounding area is forecast to grow over the next ten years, primarily due to net in migration from other parts of Scotland and the. 26 Unemployment in the falkirk area is low.5, below the Scottish average, but average household income and gross weekly pay are below the comparative scottish and uk averages.
21 As Falkirk is not far from the coast, post-glacial features akin to raised beaches are particularly predominant to the north of the town centre, and this gives rise to differing elevations within the town. 21 Unsorted glacial till gives rise to such features of glacial deposition as eskers, and drumlins which are predominant over much of the area. Such elements provide natural transport routes and it is this complex underlying geology that the town is built upon. 21 Climate edit like much of the rest of Scotland, falkirk has a temperate maritime climate, which is relatively mild despite its northerly latitude. Winters are especially mild given that Moscow and Labrador lie on the same latitude, with daytime temperatures rarely falling below freezing, or 0 C (32 F). Summer temperatures are comparatively cool, with daily upper maxima rarely exceeding 23 C (73 F ). The proximity of the town to the sea mitigates any large variations in temperature or extremes of climate. The prevailing wind direction is from the south-west, which is associated with warm, unstable air from the gulf Stream that gives rise to rainfall. Winds from an easterly direction are usually drier but colder.
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15 Canavan, who announced in an open letter to his constituents in January 2007, that he was stepping down from representative politics at the Scottish Parliament election, 2007 had been an msp or mp for the area for over 30 years. The constituency of Falkirk west also sits in the central Scotland Scottish Parliament electoral region which returns seven msps under the additional member system used to elect Members of the Scottish Parliament. 17 In the parliament of the United Kingdom, the town is entirely contained within the uk parliamentary constituency of Falkirk which elects one member to the house of Commons under the plurality system. 18 The constituency also takes in surrounding villages and is currently represented by john McNally of the Scottish National Party. 18 Traditionally, falkirk had been seen as a summary stronghold for the labour Party.
19 At eu level, falkirk is part of the pan-Scotland European Parliament constituency which elects six Members of the european Parliament (MEP)s using the d'Hondt method of party-list proportional representation. Geography edit falkirk is located in an area of undulating topography between the Slamannan Plateau and the upper reaches of the firth of Forth. The area to the north of Falkirk is part of the floodplain of the river Carron. Two tributaries of the river Carron - the east Burn and the west Burn flow through the town and form part of its natural drainage system. 20 Falkirk sits at between 50 metres (164 ft) and 125 metres (410 ft) above sea level. 21 The underlying geology of the town of Falkirk is characterised by glacial deposits. Elevations above 100 metres (328 ft) are covered by a mixture of glacial till and boulder clay with low-lying areas covered by sandy soils and loams.
A large brickworks was set up at this time, owned by the howie family. During the 19th century, falkirk became the first town in Great Britain to have a fully automated system of street lighting, designed and implemented by a local firm, Thomas laurie co ltd. 11 Battles of Falkirk edit Two important battles have taken place at Falkirk: government and politics edit a map showing the boundaries of the falkirk council area, one of the 32 unitary authorities of Scotland. The town of Falkirk sits at the heart of the council area. Today, like all towns in Scotland, falkirk has a well-defined structure of governance from local government down to representation at European Union (EU) level.
In terms of local government the town sits at the heart of Falkirk council area, one of the 32 unitary authorities of Scotland formed by the local government etc (Scotland) Act 1994. The headquarters of the council are located in the municipal buildings, adjacent to falkirk town Hall, on West Bridge Street in the centre of town. 12 The council has been a labour Party (UK) (lab independent and Conservative alliance since 2007. 13 The current leader of the council is Cllr Craig Martin. 14 Falkirk is located within the Scottish parliamentary constituency of Falkirk west which elects one member of the Scottish Parliament (MSP) under the first past the post system. 15 The current msp is Michael Matheson, who won the seat at the 2007 Scottish Parliament General Election. The previous msp, dennis Canavan, who sat as an Independent, was elected with the largest majority in the Scottish parliament representing Falkirk's electorate's displeasure with New Labour, but stepped down in 2007 for family reasons.
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7 a roman fort was confirmed to be found by geoff bailey in the paper Pleasance area of Falkirk in 1991. 8 In the 18th century the area was the cradle of Scotlands's Industrial revolution, becoming the earliest major centre of the iron-casting industry. James Watt cast some of the beams for his early steam engine designs at the carron Iron Works in 1765. The area was at the forefront of canal construction when the forth and Clyde canal opened in 1790. 9 The Union business Canal (1822) provided a link to Edinburgh and early railway development followed in the 1830s and 1840s. 10 The canals brought economic wealth to falkirk and led to the town's growth. Through time, trunk roads and motorways followed the same canal corridors through the falkirk area, linking the town with the rest of Scotland. Many companies set up work in Falkirk due to its expansion.
Contents History edit forts and Fortlets associated with the Antonine wall from west to east: Bishopton, old Kilpatrick, duntocher, cleddans, castlehill, bearsden, summerston, balmuildy, wilderness Plantation, cadder, glasgow Bridge, kirkintilloch, auchendavy, bar Hill, croy hill, westerwood, castlecary, seabegs, rough Castle, camelon, watling Lodge, falkirk, mumrills. The god Scottish gaelic name was translated into Scots as Fawkirk (literally "variegated church" 4 then later amended to the modern English name of Falkirk. The latin name varia capella also has the same meaning. 3 Falkirk Old Parish Church stands on the site of the medieval church, which may have been founded as early as the 7th century. 5 The Antonine wall, which stretches across the centre of Scotland, passed through the town and remnants of it can be seen at Callendar Park. Similar to hadrian's Wall but built of turf rather than stone so less of it has survived, it marked the northern frontier of the roman Empire between the firth of Forth and Firth of Clyde during the ad 140s. 6 Much of the best evidence of Roman occupation in Scotland has been found in Falkirk, including a large hoard of Roman coins and a cloth of tartan, thought to be the oldest ever recorded.
boxes. Within the last fifty years, heavy industry has waned, and the economy relies increasingly on retail and tourism. Despite this, falkirk remains the home of many international companies like alexander Dennis ; the largest bus production company in the United Kingdom. Falkirk has a long association with the publishing industry. The company now known as Johnston Press was established in the town in 1846. The company, now based in Edinburgh, produces the falkirk herald, the largest selling weekly newspaper in Scotland. Attractions in and around Falkirk include the falkirk Wheel, the helix, callendar house and Park and remnants of the Antonine wall. In a 2011 poll conducted by stv, it was voted as Scotland's most beautiful town, ahead of Perth and Stirling in second and third place respectively. Falkirk is home to the kelpies, which can be found at The helix Park.
Falkirk had a resident population of 32,4 uk census. The population of the town had risen to 34,570 according to a 2008 estimate, making it the 20th most populous settlement in Scotland. Falkirk is the main town and administrative centre of the. Falkirk council area, which has an overall population of 156,800 2 and inholds the nearby towns. Grangemouth, bo'ness, denny, larbert and, stenhousemuir. The town is at the junction best of the. Forth and Clyde and, union Canals, a location which proved key to its growth as a centre of heavy industry during the Industrial revolution.
This article is about the town of Falkirk. For the council area, see. For other uses, see, falkirk (disambiguation). Falkirk ( /fɔlkɜrk/ ; Scots : The fawkirk ; Scottish gaelic : An Eaglais Bhreac ) is a large town in the. Central Lowlands of Scotland, historically within resume the county. It lies in the, forth Valley,.3 miles (37.5 km) north-west. Edinburgh and.5 miles (33.0 km) north-east.